The two principal effects of categorization on judgement are the accentuation of judged similarities within classes and of judged differences between classes. I have long been a big fan of short books. That is, the groups we belong to such as genders, ethnicities, religions, and nations are based on social categories, and thus phenomena such as stereotyping and person perception rest on social categorization. We are a world class secondhand bookstore based in Hertfordshire, United Kingdom and specialize in high quality textbooks across an enormous variety of subjects. Aspects may be accepted or rejected, perhaps in time the entire enterprise may be rejected, but it nevertheless stands as an alternative, providing at the very worst a guide as to what has been tried in the past and found to be unsatisfactory. Social categorization involves applying that same process to people, including ourselves. By this I mean not only that the content of our categories is shared with other people, but the way we go about categorizing things is profoundly affected by the social context, and in particular that we come to categorize things in the same way as do relevant other people.
In 2014 he moved to Western Sydney University as Professor of Psychology serving as Head of the Psychology Discipline from 2015-2017. I have tried to express my own views at this time as accurately as I can reflect them. While there is good evidence for each effect independently, specific experiments tend to show one effect or the other but not both. I have assumed that, apart from a few foundational assumptions that I present in , most of the key social psychological ideas about categorization are potentially deficient in important or interesting ways. It is a wide-ranging and up-to-date treatment of concepts from cognitive as well as social psychology. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 13, 194-218. It was predicted that the contrast effects would be mediated by the salience of the categorization, the political views of the subjects, their affective ratings of authors and evaluations of political terms.
When we learn which categories that objects belong to, we also learn about relationships between those objects. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 13, 310-333. Categorization is the psychological process involved in breaking things into groups, and is often seen as a sense-making process. This book introduces all the major approaches to categorization in social psychology. Social categorization can help us not only to understand why other people are similar to each other and different from us but also to predict when they will be similar and different to us. Social identity, self-categorization and the perceived homogeneity of ingroups and outgroups: the interaction between social motivation and cognition. The dynamics of differentiation: Similarity as a precursor and product of stereotype formation.
Journal of Social Issues, 65, 839-857. It is not only a cognitive process for understanding and explaining the world, but it is part of the way we organize the world. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Cognitive and social psychological approaches to categorization -- Some starting assumptions: perceivers' perspectives and social consensus -- Categorization and cognition -- Introducing category function and structure -- Category learning, formation and use -- The categorization process in social psychology: biased stimulus and knowlwdge activation -- Categorization as meaning creation -- Self-categorization theory and some other developments -- Other sense-making approaches -- Contrasting perspectives on motivated relative perception -- Pt. If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code. Bookseller: , Essex, United Kingdom. The role of efficacy and moral outrage norms in creating the potential for international development activism through group-based interaction.
The extent to which I have been able to manage a project of this size on my own reflects the beneficial influences of having previously worked with Alex on two books and a study guide. The explosion of interest in the topic of categorization has meant that I have not been able to review many topics as thoroughly as I would have liked. This stems not from any lack of respect for other workers in the field, but from my view of the duty that the author owes to the reader. I trust that regardless of whether they find themselves agreeing or disagreeing with the details of my arguments they will recognize the approach. Manipulating national identity: The strategic use of rhetoric by supporters and opponents of the 'Cronulla riots' in Australia.
The second key difference is that when we categorize ourselves, we learn who we can cooperate with, who shares our goals and interests, and who we might cooperate with. The impact of magnitude of harm and perceived difficulty of making reparations on group-based guilt and reparation towards victims of historical harm. Although much of the work that has provided the inspiration for this book has been collaborative in the most positive sense, the version of the views stated here is my own with the exception of which involves a collaboration with Diana Grace. More recently my work has focused on social change, group-based emotion, and collective action as expressed in online and offline settings. My primary research interest is in the process of categorization as it relates to social behaviour. I have selected the papers on the criteria that they strike a balance of theoretical innovation and empirical developments and that they have appeared in a wide range of readily available journals. European Journal of Social Psychology, 44, 15 - 22.
Interestingly, it was found that providing information per se did not increase the strength of categorization effects. Some explorations in social categorization -- Group variability and consistency -- The constraints of the social context on categorization -- Categorization, covariation and causal explanation -- Conclusion: categorization as explanation. To do that I open up some other larger and deeper problems. Craig McGarty's wide-ranging and up-to-date treatment of concepts from cognitive as well as social psychology also introduce This book introduces all the major approaches to categorization in social psychology. Opinion-based group membership and the War on Terror. This then is what I have tried to do in : to provide as clear as possible a statement of my ideas at least where those ideas are themselves reasonably clear and the reasons for them so that you can accept or reject them as you see fit. Furthermore, the interpretations of those results even by the original authors frequently change over time.
Ex-library, so some stamps and wear, but in good overall condition. However, the actual serious end of the writing started in 1997. Without in any way detracting from his great intellectual contribution to so many of my ideas here I must also single out Alex Haslam's influence in a different vein. Perspective taking and opinions about forms of reparation for victims of historical harm. Stereotyping and perceived distributions of social characteristics: an application to ingroup-outgroup perception.
Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 15, 75-88. It is concluded that both categorization effects are reliable in a social judgement task under appropriate conditions. Furthermore, in Expt 1 social influence had powerful effects. European Journal of Social Psychology, 40, 500-513. The study of social categorization has drawn heavily on the study of object categorization and many of the core insights from that field are relevant, but there are also some important differences that suggest social categorization is more, indeed much more, than object categorization.