When the storyteller reaches the climax of the story he exploits all the participle possibilities, often reduplicating them, to convey a feeling of hectic activities taking place in several locations at the same time. Historically, accent shift is a marker of valency increase. These teachings have taken from women most of the freedoms they enjoyed in the pre-Islamic past. And I think it is this latter point that is both a strength and a bit of a put-off in the book. The complexities of Urdu are set out in short, readable sections. A Practical Dictionary of Modern Nepali. A simpler approach to the issue of 'ko' might be to say that it marks dative objects, which may, however, be translated into English by words having different grammatical roles in the corresponding English sentence.
But let me cite some elements of the book that I found so enlightening and helpful. Urdu: An Essential Grammar is a reference grammar which covers the grammatical structures of Delhi Standard Urdu, from the elementary to the advanced level. Simple narrative is characterized by strings of clauses ending in absolutives, culminating in a clause with a main verb. I felt like I had an epiphany each day that I read this. According to Haréq, the Palas Valley was then ruled by a Sikh named Dam Sing, and the Jalkot Valley by a Sikh named Bóti.
I haven't been able to put it down; I even read it while I'm cooking. The complexities of Urdu are set out in short, readable sections. Urdu: An Essential Grammaris a reference guide to the most important aspects of the language as it is used by native speakers today. Having studied from Barker off and on over many years, I passed over Essential Urdu both at conferences and libraries until the other day when I checked it out just to. The Transformation of a Naga Prince Tale. The complexities of Urdu are set out in short, readable sections.
A Grammar of the Shina Language of Indus Kohistan. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1984, pp. Investigation of tonal contrasts in two Shina dialects. Compound tenses in the Shina of Indus Kohistan, In Dirk W. Review of Kashmiri: a cognitive-descriptive grammar.
Narratives of Blood Enmity in Indus kohistan. Razwal Kohistani has recorded another version of the same story, which mentions that Bóti Sing used to collect taxes from as far away as the Shina-speaking region above Seo. This paper performs a narrative and folkloristic analysis of a long folktale or qása transcribed from Kohistani Shina, which features a brave princess who confronts many dangers to rear, then marry, then rescue her snake-fairy prince: first from ordinary bewitchment, then from enchantment in the kingdom of the snake-fairies. Explanations contain minimal jargon and emphasis has been placed on the aspects of Urdu that pose a particular challenge for English-speaking students. Almuth Degener, Shina-Texte aus Gilgit Nord Pakistan. Compound verbs occur in Shina, although they are a less conspicuous feature of the language than in Hindi or Panjabi. Sociolinguistic data about Kohistani Shina is also presented, and a roman transcription of a short Kohistani text is appended.
Urdu: An Essential Grammar presents a fresh and accessible description of the language and will prove invaluable to students at all levels. Minimal pairs exist for the following syllable types: short accented : short unaccented short accented : long accented on first mora : long accented on second mora Accent is not predictable, so is a lexical feature. Explanations contain minimal jargon and emphasis has been placed on the aspects of Urdu that pose a particular challenge for English-speaking students. During 1972-3 she introduced a program of Nepal Studies and Nepali language at the University of California Berkeley. To be fair to Mr. In 1984 she returned to Nepal and worked for 7 years on A Practical Dictionary of Modern Nepali. How far is it possible to bring these events into the light of history? Report on a survey of Dardic dialects of Kashmir.
The oral history of the Darmá lineage of Indus Kohistan. Others argue that vectors mark manner-specification, or may even represent incipient grammaticalization in the direction of aspect. Most girls receive no education, and women do not have decision-making power outside the home. A Naga-Prince Tale in Kohistan. Matthews, David, A Course in Nepali.
Narang's Readings in Literary Urdu Prose. Morphological criteria for distinguishing categories of transitivity in Shina. This founding myth of the Darmá Shins addresses some of the questions that ethnohistorians have long sought to answer: Where have the Shina-speakers of Indus Kohistan migrated from? Inge Wezler, Verlag für Orientalische Fachpublikationen, Reinbek. I have collected the Urdu texts of the dialogues into a notebook that I find useful for rapid reading practice. Tileli Shina also has two sets of third person pronouns, which are not identical with the Kohistani sets.
All Essential Grammars are available as inspection copies. Lesser Known Languages of South Asia. Noun plurals and case suffixes, 2. Plyndring og salg av kulturminner. In Kohistani Shina third person proximate and remote personal pronouns are distinguished; however the proximate third person pronouns have become obsolete, and the proximate demonstrative pronoun is used to refer to near objects.
Urdu: An Essential Grammar presents a fresh and accessible description of the language and will prove invaluable to students at all levels. One caveat, to which I allude in the title of my review, is that this book is not for beginners. Review of Morgenstierne, Georg et al. Although women are not veiled, sexual misconduct is punishable by death and normally leads to blood feuds. So, indeed, it may not be for beginners. Lexical and Grammatical Properties of Accent in Kohistani Shina. Urdu: An Essential Grammar presents a fresh and accessible description of the language and will prove invaluable to students at all levels.